Protection of critical infrastructure

The security situation in the world has changed dramatically. The current acts of sabotage on Nord Stream I/II and Deutsche Bahn make it clear how vulnerable our critical infrastructure is. To protect the critical infrastructure, which also includes food production and food transport, there is an urgent need for effective and standardized solutions that prevent sabotage or manipulation.

ENFIT is committed to ensuring that this special protection is used in the transport of animal feed (feed defense), ADR dangerous goods (chemical defense) and in the area of reusable packaging (packaging law: EU Directive 94/62/EG), such as cups, Boxes, crates, etc. is to be used, as these areas are also part of the critical infrastructure.

Common mistakes when securing with seals

What does Food Defense mean?

After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 in the USA, the "Food Safety and Inspection Service of the USDA" defined "Food Defense" as "Protection of food against intentional adulteration (manipulation) with biological, chemical, physical or radiological substances". This term also includes terms such as “bioterrorism” and “counterterrorism”* (*FDA FOOD DEFENSE Acronymus, Abbreviations and Definition).

In practice, food defense means that the stakeholders involved in the supply chain identify the critical areas and develop a closed protection concept. In order to protect food from contamination, manipulation or sabotage, it is daily practice to secure transport containers, the doors, manholes, screw connections, covers, drain valves, etc. with seals.

While seals do not prevent intentional contamination, sabotage or tampering, they can make them visible. A manhole or a screw connection can only be opened by a third party if the seal is destroyed and removed beforehand. Damage or even the replacement of a seal could be discovered when checking for integrity and comparing the seal IDs with the accompanying documents.

Practice shows that seals are often not attached correctly, so that openings can be fully or partially opened. Also, the number of seals does not always correspond to the number of positions to be secured, or the technical security systems (eye bolts) are unsuitable.

Another risk lies in the incorrect transmission of the seal IDs between the person applying the seals and the person checking the seals. It can also be observed that seals, for example, are not attached by the cleaning station or the loading point, but by the truck driver. In cleaning stations, the driver requests a certain number of seals without the cleaning station being able to check whether the number is correct or whether the driver puts a few spare seals in reserve in the driver's cab.

Food Defense - Requirements

The following requirements result from the current analysis, which shows how flawed food defense is currently used in practice. It should be noted that a closed and safe food defense only works if the individual measures of the companies involved are coordinated and consistently synchronized. The aim is therefore to involve all participants in the food chain equally according to a uniform and synchronized ENFIT FOOD DEFENSE standard.

  • Synchronized backup and organizational procedures
  • Training in industry, logistics and cleaning stations
  • Guide/Certificate for instructors/trainers
  • Definition of responsibility for control measures
  • Digital entry and exit controls
  • Digital personal identification
  • Cleaning of shipping containers according to ENFIT standards
  • Definition of binding security measures
  • Definition of risk transfer
  • Container testing centers and use of tested shipping containers according to DIN 10 502-1
  • Digital seals in accordance with the ENFIT standard
  • Selection process for personnel in the area of critical infrastructure
  • Further and advanced training of personnel performing official inspections
Digital seals, blockchain protected

Download Food Defense's position paper